Well our December was Way too cold, about what we would be in January or February, but of late the temps have stabilized. Some winters in the last decade or so my nearby Juniata river and the one it flows into, the very old mile wide Susquehanna river, do not even freeze completely over, but this year the Juniata got some heavy ice flows and the Susquehanna froze completely, so when it warms up the ice breaks up with a big crack with pieces flying up into the air and the ice taking down trees and backing up at the bridges causing flooding upstream. We dodged the bullet this year as the slow warmup and less than expected rainfall made it a more gentle process. Here is a movie of a thaw on the Susquehanna in 1996 that took out a section of an old iron bridge, crashing it into the next bridge downstream. Now that old bridge is a walking and biking trail over to city island. The video is powerful once you realize the scale that the river is a mile wide and the section of bridge several hundred feet long.
My own little stream seldom freezes completely because it is fast flowing with lots of little drop offs, but he ice on the edges got to about 4 inches thick. Here are some pics of the last few days.
Photos Copyright GLHoke 2014
Also today i was reading through the latest posts at The Archeology News Network of how the bad storms in the UK have washed away sand revealing several archeological sites. Now the stories change daily so if you don’t see them them go back through the history or just check the archeology box as they carry other stories like on the environment also. Enjoy!